Audioguías para "los sentidos". Un turismo de todos y para todos
Year of publication
This study aims at presenting the first stage of a wider research project on some aspects of orality in audio guides. Although they are very widely used in the tourist sector, very little research exists on the topic. This research project was an opportunity to combine the researcher's field of action, that is oral communication in cultural and language mediation, with an extremely relevant textual field in the tourist sector: travel guides and, more specifically, what we might call ‘last-generation travel guides'. The researcher's interest towards studying orality in interlingual and intercultural mediation (interpreting and translation) began with her collaboration in prof. Alessandra Melloni's didactic activity, that last more than 10 years. Over this period, and as a Collaboratore Esperto Linguistico (CEL), the researcher had the opportunity to carry out practical activities and laboratories in assistance to prof. Melloni's subjects, in which the Spanish language and its didactics were always analyzed with a real, authentic, plural, intersemiotic and panhispanic view, and with a special focus placed not only on literature, but also cinema, television and other Hispanic media. Thus, the practical work carried out during the classes was focused on a constant analysis of Spanish as a ‘form of tridimensional communication', where linguistic and paralinguistic elements were considered as extremely important within the intra- and inter-cultural analysis carried out with the students. Against this backdrop, this research aims at analyzing some aspects of orality in audio guides, especially ‘last-generation' ones. The research work was divided into two stages: the first, presented in this paper, is an introduction to the subject: the concept, its names, definition, nature and different types, so as to offer a possible classification of it as a textual genre and to trace a flexible model for analysis, necessary to study such a changing object. The second part of the research, which will be published elsewhere, focuses on the theoretical framework of the model presented in the first part, as well as its validation through application to the materials collected, selected and presented in the first part. Through a specific analysis of some elements of orality in the different kinds of audio guides, the second part shall also present the final conclusions of the research activity.